Some modern sculpture forms are now practiced outdoors, as and , often in full view of spectators. , and also often make use of the environment. is a form of ephemeral sculpture that uses ice as the raw material. It is popular in China, Japan, Canada, Sweden, and Russia. Ice sculptures feature decoratively in some cuisines, especially in Asia. are sculptures that are designed to move, which include . are usually carved out of a single block of snow about 6 to 15 feet (1.8 to 4.6 m) on each side and weighing about 20–30 tons. The snow is densely packed into a form after having been produced by artificial means or collected from the ground after a snowfall. take the form of indoor sound installations, outdoor installations such as aeolian harps, automatons, or be more or less near conventional musical instruments. Sound sculpture is often site-specific. have become another format for contemporary artists since the late 1990s, such as those produced by and , designed by , or hand-made by .
Also during the 1960s and 1970s artists as diverse as , , , , , , , , and explored abstraction, imagery and figuration through , environment, light sculpture, and in new ways.
During the 6th century Greek sculpture developed rapidly, becoming more naturalistic, and with much more active and varied figure poses in narrative scenes, though still within idealized conventions. Sculptured were added to , including the in Athens, where the remains of the pediment of around 520 using figures in the round were fortunately used as infill for new buildings after the Persian sack in 480 BCE, and recovered from the 1880s on in fresh unweathered condition. Other significant remains of architectural sculpture come from in Italy, , and the in (much now in ).