Some lesbian science fiction is targeted specifically to a lesbian audience, rather than science fiction fans, and published by small feminist or presses such as , , Ylva Publishing, , Bedazzled Ink, Intaglio Publications, and . A notable author writing science fiction published by lesbian presses is .
is an openly lesbian science fiction and fantasy writer who has written numerous works featuring positive gay protagonists. Her novels (1979–80), the first of which won the World Fantasy Award, were among the first novels to have gay relationships as an unremarkable part of the cultural background, and included explicit and sympathetic depictions of same-sex love; the third novel is of particular lesbian interest. Her SF novel (1978) featured a same-sex relationship between two men, and inspired the name of the LGBT bookstore and chain "A Different Light". The "magical lesbian tale" "The Woman Who Loved the Moon" also won a World Fantasy Award and is the title story in the Lynn's , a collection also containing other gay speculative fiction stories.